Route Description from 1925 State Highway Map:
Beginning at Fort Smith, via Muldrow, Sallisaw, Vian, Gore, Webbers Falls, Warner, Muskogee, Haskell, Bixby, Tulsa, Sand Springs, Keystone, Mannford, Oilton, Yale, Stillwater, Perry, Covington, Enid, Nash, Jet, Cherokee, Ingersoll, Alva, to the Kansas state line near Coy.
The original Oklahoma Route 1 began near the central point of Oklahoma's eastern border, then began winding slowly north as it traveled west toward the northwest corner of old Oklahoma Territory. Along its path, Route 1 passed through the major population centers of Muskogee, Tulsa, Stillwater, Perry, and Enid, linking each of them to both Kansas and Arkansas as well as each other. We present below a possible alignment of Route 1 if it existed today on modern highways; this approximates the actual path of old Route 1.
If Route 1 existed today, it would travel concurrent with US Highway 64 from the state line at Fort Smith, through Muskogee, and on to Tulsa. For information on the historic route of US 64 and Route 1 in the area of this map, see the US 64 Fort Smith to Muskogee detailed route page.
Traveling through Tulsa, a modern Route 1 would most likely have been moved onto the limited access expressways just as US 64 was. The two highways would remain concurrent all the way to Sand Springs before Route 1 left to instead begin a concurrence with State Highway 51. For information on the historic routing, see the forthcoming US 64 Muskogee to Tulsa detail page.
Between Sand Springs and Stillwater, a modern Route 1 would follow SH 51 before turning north in Stillwater on US 177 to proceed toward another concurrence with US 64. At Bill's Corner, west of Morrison, Route 1 would rejoin US 64 and continue west toward Perry. For the historic routing, see the SH 51 Tulsa to Stillwater page.
From Perry, a modern Route 1 would follow US 77 south until the junction with SH 164, at which point it would follow SH 164 to SH 74 in Covington, which would take Route 1 back to US 64 for the run toward Enid. For the historic route, see the (coming soon) US 64 Pawnee to Enid page. From Enid, a modern Route 1 would continue on US 64 toward Nash, Jet, and eventually Cherokee. This portion of US 64 and, thus, Route 1 is still on its original alignment.
From Cherokee, Route 1 would continue its concurrence with US 64 through Alva and on to just before the Cimarron River, where Route 1 would turn north on SH 34 toward the Kansas state line and its terminus. At the state line, the highway would become Kansas State Highway 1, as the Sunflower State did not renumber their state route here, which was originally coordinated with Oklahoma's. With one small exception, all of this portion of highway is still on the original Route 1 alignment.
Having traced the path of a theoretical modern State Route 1, it is easy to see why the system was renumbered in 1930. The vast majority of Route 1 was overlaid by US 64 in 1927, and since Route 1 was only two years old, US 64, the federal highway, would have quickly become the number referred to by motorists in the concurrent sections. Still, it is an interesting experiment to see where Route 1 was and might have been had the highway commission been more adamant about keeping their route numbers constant. We hope you enjoyed this look at the original Highway 1 in Oklahoma.
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Base Map Data Copyright DeLorme USA, http://www.delorme.com
State Highway Shields created by Ken Parker of Oklahoma Bridge & Highways Group.